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Law and Technology
di Erica Palmerini, Elettra Stradella
edito da Pisa University Press
The role played by robotic technologies in contemporary society has significantly increased over the last decades. The impact of technological innovation on human life and values, such as identity, health and bodily
integrity, privacy, autonomy and human dignity, poses new challenges to legal notions and raises many regulatory questions. Understanding whether
a new regulatory ground is needed for the development and launch of emerging technologies or whether, on the contrary, problems posed by
robotic technologies can be handled in the framework of existing rules is the main goal of the RoboLaw European project “Regulating Emerging
Robotic Technologies in Europe: Robotics Facing Law and Ethics”, funded under FP7 – Science in Society. This volume originates from the valuable discussion carried out during the
workshop that was held on 21-22 June 2012 in Pisa, in the framework of the RoboLaw project. The workshop aimed at analyzing the sources of
law at stake in view of the regulation of technological development, with a special focus on soft law, transnational private regulation and technical norms and standards. Starting from a general overview of the questions raised by the use and spread of these legal devices, they are examined from a theoretical perspective and according to their current use in some “sensitive” fields of application (biotechnologies, food technologies, ICT, risk assessment). Moreover, the contributions give specific attention to transnational private regulation (TPR) and its relations with, on the one hand, merchant law and, on the other hand, international public regimes. This book represents the very first step towards the elaboration of Guidelines for the regulation of robotic technologies in Europe, which will be presented by the RoboLaw Consortium to the European Commission in 2014.
A. Zei 200 prudence are often costly and can discourage particular activities or fields of technological research.
Standardization bodies essentially represent the industry. They often boast a long tradition at national and international levels because the adoption of technical standards for production and trade is a crucial economic issue, since it can facilitate or restrict access to national and international markets.
Private technical norms, in substance, are technical protocols which always affect trade and competition politics. Nevertheless, private standards also provide adjustments for health and safety, environmental protection, and for the reduction of diseconomies, and, at the same time, they are intended as an indicator of quality or a means of providing information to consumers or third parties and serve to ensure compatibility between different products or systems.107 From this point of view the increased importance of self-regulation in the context of the la...
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